Demonstration projects

Three projects have been developed to test and demonstrate new techniques and methodologies to help address priority transboundary problems. Set locally, they are expected to provide best practices, lessons and potential solutions to problems at a basin-wide scale. They include:

  • rangeland management in south-eastern Botswana
  • rangeland management in Lesotho
  • water demand management and conservation in irrigation along the lower Orange.

Information from these studies is available in a number of publications and technical reports.

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Rangeland management in south-eastern Botswana

botswanaThe project was started at the request of the Government of Botswana and works with the communities of two villages, Khawa and Zutshwa, in the southern Kalahari. It addresses rangeland management and the underlying causes of the problem through a number of activities and initiatives:

  • community-based monitoring of range condition
  • rotational grazing
  • rainwater capture
  • kitchen garden development
  • sand dune stabilisation
  • human–wildlife conflict mediation.

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Rangeland management in Lesotho

lesothoThis project is being carried out in a number of locations near Mount Moorosi in Quthing District and is well-supported by local communities. It is expected to result in protection of rangelands from overgrazing that will lead to improved animal health and local livelihoods. This is being achieved by activities in two main areas:

  • Rehabilitation of rangelands by up-rooting invasive shrubs, harvesting grass seed and re-seeding the land, and construction of silt traps and stone lines on degraded slopes
  • Generating alternative income sources by introducing ‘keyhole’ kitchen gardening, poultry raising, and improved breeding stock for Merino sheep and Angora goats.

 

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Water demand management and conservation along the lower Orange

lower-orangeWorking with a range of farmers from Noordoewer and Vioolsdrift, and the Joint Irrigation Authority (JIA) responsible for their shared irrigation scheme in this part of the lower Orange River, this project has been testing a number of different management approaches and technologies to assist in developing a water management strategy. Activities include:

  • installation of soil moisture probes, meteo station, flow meters and other telemetry equipment to provide quasi real-time data online, allowing improved irrigation scheduling
  • training sessions and study tours with farmers to irrigation schemes in other parts of the basin, to encourage water demand management and water conservation at the farm and scheme level
  • drafting a water management plan for the irrigation scheme.

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Technical Reports

Rangeland management in south-eastern Botswana

 
Rangeland management in Lesotho

 
Water demand management and conservation in irrigation along the lower Orange.